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Eighty per cent urban children mentioned that children are mostly discriminated in terms of their parents’ economic status whereas 77 percent rural children have expressed same opinion responded to it .
Both urban and rural children responded to other specific discrimination issues such as sex, disability, parents’ profession, ethnic/social origin, physical appearance, political affiliation of family and fulfilling of rights.
Interestingly, 70 per cent rural children considered religion to be an important factor of discrimination in their lives while 69 per cent urban children thought the same.
Meanwhile, 42 per cent children mentioned that children are mostly discriminated in terms of disability followed by parents’ economic status (36%), physical appearance (skin colour, hair and height) (25%), parents’ profession (21%), sex (20%), religion (20%), ethnic/social origin (20%) and political affiliation of family (11%).
In terms of children’s perception about the persons who are discriminating against children, 70 per cent of children mentioned that older children mostly discriminate against younger children, followed by parents, political aspirants, teachers, relatives, religious teachers/leaders, police, neighbour, rich people in the community and friends. Not much variation was seen between the responses from boys and girls in this regard.
The survey also reveals several dimensions of discrimination against children including: right to food, right to education, right to health, right to work and right to freedom of opinion. These discriminations are generally practiced at home by siblings, spouses, and parents.
The children from urban and rural areas mentioned some specific issues including religion, sex, ethnic/social origin and disability mostly to give importance by political aspirants and leaders to ensure rights of children and ending discrimination.