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The Islamic Law does not recognize adoption as a filial mode. So it does not allow Muslims to adopt any child.
On the other hand, adoption is recognized by the Hindu Law.
According to the provisions of the Mohamedan Law, no Muslims can adopt any child while the Hindu Law allows a Hindu of sound mind who has attained the age of discretion, to either himself adopt or delegate the power to adopt to his wife.
However, according to the provisions of the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890, if any Muslim wants to be a guardian of any child, he or she has to go to the Family Court for getting a guardianship certificate.
So according to the provisions of the Guardians and Wards Act, a judge of any Family Court across the country, can allow any Muslim to become a legal guardian of the person and property of any child.